Physical and Learning Disability
Disabilities may present in many different ways and will vary enormously from one individual to another. Whilst some disabilities may be visible others may not. Some people may require lots of care and be highly dependent upon others for their day to day needs whilst others may not.
Everyone has a right to live happy fulfilling lives regardless of disability.
Some people have a physical disability – this is a disability that affects your body such as vision or hearing or mobility (how easy it is to move around). This can make it harder to do daily activities. This may mean that the person requires specific support equipment, specialist advice or more time to achieve certain tasks.
Others may have a learning disability – this is where a person finds it more difficult to learn and understand and may find it hard to use what they have learnt in a practical way. The learning disability may also affect how they are able to communicate. The words used to describe a learning disability are mild, moderate, severe or profound. The causes of learning disabilities can include;
- Genetic factors (such as different kinds of syndromes)
- Brain injury/brain development
- In nearly half of all cases the cause of the learning disability is not known
Some people may have a combination of both a physical and a learning disability.
A range of professionals across health, education and social care may be involved to ensure that a person with a disability has access to right support at the right time to meet their individual needs.
Top tips to remember!
- Understand that everyone is different and that is OK!
- Treat everyone with respect and dignity
- Create an atmosphere where people are and feel included
- Acknowledge that some people may wish to talk about their disability and others may not
- Be yourself!